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James Turrell is an internationally acclaimed light and space artist whose work can be found in collections worldwide. Over more than three decades, he has created striking works that play with perception and the effect of light within a created space. His fascination with the phenomena of light is related to his personal, inward search for mankind’s place in the universe. Influenced by his Quaker upbringing, which he characterizes as having a ‘straightforward, strict presentation of the sublime,’ Turrell’s art prompts greater self-awareness through a similar discipline of silent contemplation, patience and meditation.

Turrell began his artistic career in California in the early 1960s as one of the leaders of a new group of artists working with light and space. Over the past four decades, his work has been recognized in exhibitions in major museums around the world, including three simultaneous retrospectives in 2013 at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, in New York and the Museum of Fine Arts in Houston.

Whether harnessing the light at sunset or transforming the glow of a television set into a fluctuating portal, Turrell’s art places viewers in a realm of pure experience. His large-scale, often architectural works incorporate the complex interplay of sky, light and atmosphere in motion across expanses of ocean, desert and city. The recipient of several prestigious awards such as Guggenheim and MacArthur Fellowships, Turrell currently resides in Flagstaff, Arizona, in order to oversee the completion of his most important work, a monumental land art project at Roden Crater, an extinct volcano the artist has been transforming into a celestial observatory for the past forty years. 

Born 1943 in Los Angeles, California. Lives and works in Flagstaff, Arizona.

SOLO EXHIBITIONS

2018
James Turrell, Museum Frieder Burda Baden-Baden, Baden-Baden, Germany
James Turrell, Kayne Griffin Corcoran, Los Angeles, CA
The Elliptical Glass, Häusler Contemporary, Zurich, Switzerland 

2017
Into the Light, Massachusetts Museum of Contemporary Art, North Adams, MA
James Turrell: Immersive Light, The Long Museum, Shanghai, China 

2016
James Turrell, Light Reignfall, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, CA
James Turrell, Pace Prints, New York, NY
James Turrell: 67 68 69, Pace Gallery, New York, NY
James Turrell, Pace Gallery, Palo Alto, CA

2015                         
James Turrell, Kayne Griffin Corcoran, Los Angeles, CA
Lightscape: James Turrell at Houghton, Houghton Hall, Norfolk, UK

2014                         
James Turrell: A Retrospective, National Gallery of Australia, Caberra, Australia
James Turrell: A Retrospective, The Israel Museum, Jerusalem, Israel
Sprengel Museum, Hannover, Germany
James Turrell, Pace, London, England

2013                         
James Turrell: Gard Blue, Spencer Museum of Art, The University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS
Sooner Than Later, Roden Crater, Kayne Griffin Corcoran, Los Angeles, CA
James Turrell: A Retrospective, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, CA
James Turrell, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY
James Turrell: The Light Inside, The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, TX

2012                         
James Turrell: Inside the Light, Kulturhuset, Järna, Sweden           
James Turrell: Six Holograms, Hiram Butler Gallery, Houston, TX

2011                          
James Turrell: Present Tense, Kayne Griffin Corcoran, Santa Monica, CA
James Turrell, Garage Center for Contemporary Culture, Moscow, Russia

2010                         
James Turrell, Gagosian Gallery, London, England
James Turrell, Almine Rech Gallery, Brussels, Belgium
James Turrell: The Wolfsburg Project, Kunstmuseum, Wolfsburg, Germany

2009                        
James Turrell: The Roden Crater: Sculpture and Photographs, Häusler Contemporary, Munich, Germany
James Turrell: Geometry of Light, Zentrum für Internationale Lichtkunst, Unna, Germany
James Turrell: Large Holograms, PaceWildenstein, New York, NY

2008                        
James Turrell: Light Works 2002–2007, Baldwin Gallery, Aspen, CO
James Turrell at Pomona College, Pomona College Museum of Art, Claremont, CA

2007                        
James Turrell, The Tall Glass, Häusler Contemporary, Zurich, Switzerland
James Turrell: Light Leadings, PaceWildenstein, New York, NY
James Turrell: Orca Blue, Albion Gallery, London, England
James Turrell: A Life in Light, Louise T Blouin Institute, London, UK

2006                        
James Turrell: Alta White, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France
James Turrell: New Work, Griffin, Santa Monica, CA
James Turrell, Yorkshire Sculpture Park, Underground Gallery, Wakefield, England

2005                        
James Turrell: Transformative Space, Alan Koppel Gallery, Chicago, IL
James Turrell: Light Projections 1968 and Light Works 2005, Pace Wildenstein, New York, NY
James Turrell: Early Light Works, Griffin Contemporary, Santa Monica, CA

2004                        
James Turrell: Projection Works 1967–69, Albion, London, England
James Turrell, Galerie Almine Rech, Paris, France
James Turrell: New Holograms, Baldwin Gallery, Aspen, CO
James Turrell, PaceWildenstein, New York, NY
James Turrell: Light and Land, Sonoma County Museum, Santa Rosa, CA

2003                        
James Turrell: The Light Within, Haines Gallery, San Francisco, CA
James Turrell: Skyspace and New Work, Henry Art Gallery, Seattle, WA
James Turrell: Into the Light, Mattress Factory, Pittsburgh, PA

2002                        
James Turrell, Michael Hue-Williams Fine Art, London, England
James Turrell, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.
James Turrell, Galerie Almine Rech, Paris, France
James Turrell, Hausler Kulturemanagement, Munich, Germany
James Turrell, Haus Konstruktiv, Zurich, Switzerland

2001                         
James Turrell, Harley Baldwin Gallery, Aspen, CO
James Turrell, Galerie Valentina Moncada, Rome, Italy

2000                        
James Turrell, Galerie Valentina Moncada, Rome, Italy
James Turrell: Hi Test, Gallerie Almine Rech, Paris, France
James Turrell: Cross Cut, The Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, Kansas City, MO

1999                        
James Turrell: Elliptic Ecliptic, Penzance, Cornwall, England
James Turrell: The Other Horizon, MAK, Vienna, Austria
James Turrell, Center for Contemporary Art, Ujazdowski Castle, Warsaw, Poland
James Turrell, Orange County Museum of Art, Newport Beach, CA

1998                         
James Turrell: Lapsed Quaker Ware, AD Gallery, New York, NY
James Turrell, Barbara Gladstone Gallery, New York, NY
James Turrell, Museet for Samtidskunst, Oslo, Norway
James Turrell, Michael Hue-Williams Fine Art, London, England
James Turrell: Between Blue, Stark Gallery, New York, NY

1996                        
James Turrell, Stroom, The Hague, Netherlands
James Turrell, Michael Hue-Williams Fine Art, London, England
James Turrell: Drawings, Hiram Butler Gallery, Houston, TX

1995                         
James Turrell: To Be Sung, The Marstall, (ATEM), Munich, Germany
James Turrell, Portside Gallery, Yokohama, Japan
James Turrell, Fia Art Network, Index Gallery, Osaka, Japan
James Turrell, Städtische Galerie, Goppingen, Germany

1994                         
James Turrell, Barbara Gladstone Gallery, New York, NY
James Turrell: Roden Crater: Realizing a Vision, Lisa Sette Gallery, Phoenix, AZ
James Turrell, Galerie Froment & Putman, Paris, France
James Turrell, Magasin 3, Stockholm, Sweden
James Turrell: Aspen Art Center, Aspen, CO

1993                         
James Turrell, Ace Gallery, Los Angeles, CA
James Turrell, Hayward Gallery, London, England
James Turrell, Anthony D’Offay Gallery, London, England
James Turrell, Marian Locks Gallery, Philadelphia, PA
James Turrell, Knoedler Gallery, New York, NY

1992                         
James Turrell, Musée d’Art Contemporain, Lyon, France
James Turrell, Isy Brachot Gallery, Brussels, Belgium
James Turrell, Gallery Cora Holzl, Düsseldorf,  Germany
James Turrell: Perceptual Cells, Kunstverein Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf, Germany
James Turrell, Sprengel Museum, Hanover, Great Britian 
James Turrell, Stroom, The Hague, Netherlands
James Turrell, Fundacio Espai Poblenou, Barcelona, Spain
James Turrell, Turske Hue-Williams Gallery, London, England
James Turrell, Confort Moderne, Poitiers, France
James Turrell, Fuel Gallery, Seattle, WA
James Turrell, The Israel Museum, Jerusalem, Israel
James Turrell, Centro Cultural Arte Contemperaneo, Mexico City, Mexico

1991                         
James Turrell: Works from the Afrum and Aperture Series, Rhode Island School of Design, Providence, RI
James Turrell, Williams College Art Museum, Williamstown, MA
James Turrell, Espace Lulay, Liege, Belgium
James Turrell, Bloodlust, Centro Cultural Arte Contemporaneo, Mexico City, Mexico
James Turrell, Heavy Water, Confort Moderne, Poitiers, France
James Turrell, Universidad Internacional Menedez y Pelayo, Santander, Spain
James Turrell, Last Breath, The Principal Corporation, Des Moines, IA
James Turrell: First Light, Hiram Butler Gallery
James Turrell, Carpenter Center, Harvard University, Cambridge
James Turrell, Anthony d’Offay Gallery, London
James Turrell, Turske & Turske, Zurich
James Turrell, Change of State, Friedman Guinness Gallery, Frankfurt
James Turrell, Lisa Sette Gallery, Scottsdale
James Turrell, Indianapolis Museum of Art, Indiana
James Turrell, Galerie Froment & Putman, Paris
James Turrell: First Light and Catso White, Kunstmuseum, Bern, Switzerland

1990                        
James Turrell, Rondo, Newport Harbor Art Museum, Newport Beach, CA
James Turrell, La Jolla Museum of Contemporary Art, La Jolla, CA
James Turrell: ‘Fritto Misto’ & ‘Pleiades’, Three Installations, Boulder Art Center, Boulder, CO
James Turrell, P.S. 1, Long Island City, NY
James Turrell  Stein-Gladstone Gallery, New York, NY
James Turrell, First Light: Twenty Etchings, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
James Turrell, Stuart Regan Gallery, Los Angeles, CA
James Turrell Part 1, Long Green, Turske&Turske, Zurich, Switzerland

1989                         
James Turrell, Security Pacific Gallery, Costa Mesa, CA
James Turrell, Musée des Beaux-Arts de Nîmes, France
James Turrell, Florida State University Gallery and Museum, Tallahassee, FL
James Turrell: Un Peu Plus Pres Du Ciel, Pierre Restany, Galerie Froment & Putman, Paris, France

1988                         
James Turrell, Roger Ramsay Gallery, Chicago, IL
James Turrell, Center for Contemporary Arts, Santa Fe, NM
James Turrell, Museum of Northern Arizona, Flagstaff, AZ
James Turrell, Jean Bernier Gallery, Athens, Greece

1987                         
James Turrell, Yvon Lambert Galerie, Paris, France
James Turrell, Phoenix Art Museum, Phoenix, AZ
James Turrell, Roden Crater, University Art Gallery, University of California, Riverside, CA
James Turrell, Lannan Museum, Lake Worth, FL
James Turrell, Kunstahalle, Basel, Switzerland

1986                         
James Turrell, Marian Goodman Gallery, New York, NY
James Turrell, Center for Contemporary Arts, Santa Fe, NM
James Turrell, Meeting, (Opening of Restored Piece), P.S. 1, Long Island City, NY
James Turrell: Occluded Front, Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, CA

1985                         
James Turrell, Marian Goodman Gallery, New York, NY
James Turrell, Roger Ramsay Gallery, Chicago, IL
James Turrell, Karl Bornstein Gallery, Santa Monica, CA
James Turrell, Bernard Jacobson Gallery, Los Angeles, CA

1984                         
James Turrell, Marian Locks Gallery, Philadelphia, PA
James Turrell: Light Spaces, Capp Street Project, San Francisco, CA
James Turrell, Flow Ace Gallery, Los Angeles, CA

1983                         
James Turrell, Flow Ace Gallery, Venice, CA
James Turrell, Hayden Gallery, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Boston, MA
James Turrell: Two Spaces, The Israel Museum, Jerusalem, Israel

1982                         
James Turrell: Four Light Installations. Center for Contemporary Art, Seattle, WA

1981                          
James Turrell, Portland Center for Visual Arts, Portland, OR
James Turrell, Leo Castelli Gallery, New York, NY

1980                         
James Turrell, University of Arizona Museum of Art, Tucson, AZ
James Turrell, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY

1977                         
James Turrell, Heiner Friedrich Gallery, Cologne, Germany

1976                         
James Turrell, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

1970                         
James Turrell, Main and Hill Studio, Santa Monica, CA

1968                         
James Turrell, Aimery Langois-Meurine, Geneva, Swirzerland
James Turrell: Light Projections, Main and Hill Studio, Mendota Hotel, Santa Monica, CA

1967                         
James Turrell, Pasadena Art Museum, Pasadena, CA

GROUP EXHIBITIONS

2018
Water and Power, curated by Noah Davis, The Underground Museum, Los Angeles, CA

2017
Ways of Seeing, Boghossian Foundation—Villa Empain, Brussels, Belgium
Ways of Seeing, ARTER – space for art, Istanbul, Turkey

2015                         
James Turrell and Works About Light, The University of Arizona Museum of Art, Tuscon, AZ

2012                         
Pictures From the Moon: Artists’ Holograms 1969-2008, New Museum, New York, NY

2011                          
Phenomenal: California Light, Space, Surface, Museum of Contemporary Art San Diego, San Diego, CA
ColorForms, Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington, D.C.
Exhibition of Work by Newly Elected Members and Recipients of Honors and Awards, American Academy of Arts and Letters, New York, NY
See! Colour!, Kulturhuset, Järna, Sweden
Malevich and the American Legacy, Gagosian Gallery, New York, NY
Suprasensorial: Experiments in Light, Color and Space, The Geffen Contemporary at Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, CA

2010                         
50 Years at Pace, The Pace Gallery, New York, NY
Wall Installations, William Griffin Gallery, Santa Monica, CA
Wall and Floor, Galerie Almine Rech, Paris, France
Primary Atmospheres: Works from California 1960–1970, David Zwirner, New York, NY

2009                        
The Third Mind: American Artists Contemplate Asia, 1860–1989, The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY
West Coast Minimalism, Foundation 20 21/Nyehaus, New York, NY
Color into Light: Selections from the MFAH Collection, The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, TX
Full House: The Kouri Collection and American Minimalist Adventures, Kiasma Art Museum, Helsinki, Finland

2008                        
Summer Exhibition: Peter Wegner, James Turrell, Keith Sonnier, Griffin, Santa Monica, CA      
Collecting Collections: Highlights of the Permanent Collection, Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, CA
SoCal: Southern California Art of the 1960s and 70s from LACMA’s Collection,  Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, CA

2007                        
Carl Andre, Mark Grotjahn, John McCracken, James Turrell, Galerie Almine Rech, Paris, France
Artempo: Where Time Becomes Art, Palazzo Fortuny, Venice, CA
Light Time and Three Dimensions, PaceWildenstein, New York, NY
To Be Continued–Art Created for Magasin 3, Stockholm, Sweden
Super Vision, Institute of Contemporary Art, Boston, MA

2006                        
Los Angeles 1955–1985: Naissance d’Une Capitale Artistique, Centre national d’art et de culture Georges Pompidou, Paris, France
Invisible Might: Works from 1965 to 1971, Nyehaus, New York, NY
Cosmic Wonder, Yerba Buena Center for the Arts, San Francisco, CA
Take Two-Worlds and Views: Contemporary Art from the Collection, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY

2005                        
Sets, Series, and Suites: Contemporary Prints, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA
Design Is Not Art: Functional Objects From Donald Judd to Rachel Whiteread, Smithsonian Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum, New York, NY

2004                        
Singular Forms (Sometimes Repeated): Art from 1951 to the Present, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY
James Turrell + Hedi Slimane, Galerie Almine Rech, Paris, France

2002                        
CAT—Heaven’s Gift, VITRA Design Museum, Berlin. Germany
Vertu Event (previously known as Nokia), Guggenheim Soho, New York, NY
Moon and Architecture, INAX Gallery 1, Tokyo, Japan
Devices of Wonder, The Getty Museum, Los Angeles, CA

2001                         
Collaborations with Parkett: 1984 to Now, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
On the Sublime: Mark Rothko, Yves Klein, James Turrell, Deutsche Guggenheim,  Berlin, Germany
Open Ends, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
Art Light, Galerie Beyeler, Basel, Switzerland
Changing Perceptions: The Panza Collection at the Guggenheim Museum, Guggenheim Museum, Bilbao, Spain

2000                        
Regarding Beauty, Haus der Kunst, Munich, Germany
Inventional, Angles Gallery, Santa Monica, CA
Dream Machines, Camden Arts Centre, London, England
Waxing Poetic: Encaustic Art in America, Knoxville Museum of Art, KY
The American Century: Art and Culture 1900-2000 (Part II), Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY
Eclipse, Michael Hue-Williams Fine Art, London, England

1999                        
Re-Structure, Grinnell College Art Gallery, Bucksbaum Center for the Arts, IA

1998                         
Another Arizona: A State-Wide Juried Exhibition, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ
Sunshine & Noir, Art in Los Angeles 1960-1997, Louisiana Museum of Modern Art, Humlebæk, Denmark

1997                         
Barbara Gladstone Gallery, New York, NY
The Age of Modernism, Art in the 20th Century, Martin Gropius Bau, Berlin, Germany
Lux Lumen, La Fundació Joan Miro, Barcelona, Spain
Maps, Paul Kasmin Gallery, New York, NY

1996                        
10 Year Anniversary. Lisa Sette Gallery, Scottsdale, AZ
Galerie Michele Chomette, Paris, France
Elsewhere, Galerie Froment and Putman, Paris, France
The Incident II, Institute of Contemporary Arts, London, England
Northern Lights, The Fruitmarket Gallery, Edinburgh, Scotland

1995                         
Foundation Cartier; a Collection, Taipei Fine Arts Museum, Taiwan
Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, CA
Contemporary Drawing: Exploring the Territory, Aspen Art Museum, Aspen, CO
After Art: Rethinking 150 Years of Photography, Henry Art Gallery, University of Washington, Seattle, WA
10 Years Parkett 63 Artists’ Editions, New York, NY
Sculpture, Anthony d’Offay Gallery, London, England

1994                         
Percept/Image/Object, The Lannan Foundation, Los Angeles, CA
Landscape as Metaphor, Visions of America in the Late 20th Century, Denver Art Museum, Denver, CO
Gemini Editions Limited Collection, Recent Prints and Sculpture, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.
Painting and Sculpture: Recent Acquisitions, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
Prints of Darkness, Straus Gallery, Fogg Art Museum, Harvard University Art Museums, Cambridge, England

1993                         
Mediale, Kunsthalle, Hamburg, Germany
Amerikanische Kunst Im 20 Jahrhundert, Martin-Gropius Bau, Berlin, Germany
Differentes Natures, La Defense, Paris, France
American Art of the 20th Century, Royal Academy of Art, London, England

1992                         
Gallery Froment & Putman, Paris, France
Stein Gladstone, New York, NY
Geneve Musée d’Art et d’Histoire, Geneva, Switzerland

1991                         
Dalsheimer Gallery, Baltimore, MD
Galerie Cora Holzl, Dusseldorf, Germany
Whitney Museum at Equitable Center, New York, NY
Turske & Turske, Zurich, Switzerland
Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, CA

1990                        
Karl Bornstein Gallery, Santa Monica, CA
Espace Electra, Paris, France
Turske & Turske, Zurich, Switzerland

1989                         
The Innovators / Entering the Sculpture, Ace, Contemporary Exhibitions, Los Angeles, CA
Departures: Photography 1924–1989, Hirschl & Adler Modern, New York, NY
Peter Blum Edition, Lorence-Monk Gallery, New York, NY
The 1980’s: Prints from the Collection of Joshua P. Smith, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.

1988                         
Pomona College Alumni Exhibition, Montgomery Gallery, Claremont, CA
New Sculpture/Six Artists, Saint Louis Art Museum, St. Louis, MS
Viewpoints, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY

1987                         
Public and Private: American Prints Today, Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, MN
Skyspace I, Arte Ambientale, Rimini, Italy
70’s into 80’s: Printmaking Now, Museum of Fine Arts, The Lois and Michael Torf Gallery, Boston, MA
Burnett Miller Gallery, Los Angeles, CA
Public and Private: American Prints Today, Carnegie Museum of Art, Pittsburgh, PA
A Southern California Collection, Cirrus, Los Angeles, CA
Individuals: A Selected History of Contemporary Art, 1945–1986, Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, CA

1986                         
Amerikanische Zeichnungen 1930-1980, The Menil Collection, Stadelsches Kunstinstitute und Stadtische Galerie, Frankfurt, Germany

1985                         
Cucchi-Fischl-Kruger-Stalder-Turrell, Lorence-Monk Gallery, New York, NY
Severe Clear, Radcliff Dance Studio, Radcliff College, Cambridge, England

1984                         
Projects: World Fairs, Waterfronts, Parks and Plazas, Rhona Hoffman Gallery, Chicago, IL
The Interactive Arts: Art & Architecture, Welton Becket Associates, Santa Monica, CA

1983                         
ARS, 1983: Fine Arts Academy of Finland, Art Museum of the Ateneum, Helsinki, Finland

1982                         
Selections from the Chase Manhattan Bank Art Collection, David Wintonn Bell Gallery, Brown University, Providence, RI
Drawing Distinctions, American Drawings of the Seventies, Stadtisch Galerie Im Lembachhaus, Munich, Germany

1980                         
An Invitational Drawing and Watercolor Exhibition, Los Angeles County Art Gallery, Barnsdall Park, Los Angeles, CA

1979                         
California Perceptions: Light and Space, Selections from the Wortz Collection, Visual Arts Center, California State University, Fullerton, CA

1973                          
3D Into 2D: Drawing for Sculpture, The New York Cultural Center, New York, NY

1969                        

Art and Technology Show, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, CA

1968                         
Art and Technology, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, CA